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Credit Cards, Personal Loans, and More: A Beginner's Guide to Types of Borrowing

Updated: Sep 19, 2023

Confused about all the different types of debt? No worries! In this article, we'll explain everything you need to know about overdrafts, personal loans, hire purchase agreements, mortgages, and credit cards, so you can make better financial decisions. This is especially important for you as a business studies student, as understanding debt is a crucial part of being financially savvy.

Learn more by watching the video and reading the blog post below:


First up, let's talk about overdrafts. An overdraft is a type of credit that allows you to spend more money than you currently have in your account, up to a pre-agreed limit. It's a short-term solution, usually with a high-interest rate, and can be a convenient way to cover unexpected expenses. However, it's important to be aware that continuing to use an overdraft can quickly lead to a spiral of debt.

Personal loans

Next, we have personal loans. A personal loan is a lump sum of money that you borrow from a bank or other lender, which you then repay over a set period, usually with interest. They can be a good option for larger expenses, such as a home renovation or a car purchase, but it's essential to shop around for the best rates and terms.

Hire purchase

Hire purchase is a type of financing that allows you to take possession of a good, such as a car or a piece of equipment, while paying for it in instalments. The lender retains ownership of the item until the final payment is made. It can be a useful option for those who can't afford to pay for an item outright but keep in mind the interest rates for hire purchase can be higher than other types of credit.


A mortgage is a type of loan that is specifically used to purchase a property. It is a long-term commitment, usually spanning several decades, and requires a significant down payment. Mortgages have lower interest rates than other types of loans, but it's essential to be confident in your ability to make the monthly payments for the life of the loan.

Credit cards

Finally, we have credit cards. A credit card is a type of revolving credit, which means you can spend up to a certain limit and then pay off the balance over time. Credit cards can be a convenient way to make purchases and can also be used to build credit. However, it's essential to be disciplined about paying off the balance in full each month to avoid high-interest charges.

In conclusion, there are many types of debt available, each with its pros and cons. It's essential to do your research and understand the terms and conditions of each type of credit before deciding. With the right knowledge and discipline, you can use debt to your advantage and achieve your financial goals.

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