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What is a Mortgage?

Updated: Sep 19, 2023

For many people, owning a home is a dream they strive to achieve. However, the high costs associated with buying a property can make it challenging to do so with personal savings alone. This is where a mortgage comes into play. In this blog post, we'll explore what a mortgage is, how it works, and the financial responsibilities it entails.

Learn more by watching the video and reading the blog post below:

What is a Mortgage?

Simply put, a mortgage is a type of loan that helps individuals purchase a home. It is a financial agreement between a borrower, who is the person buying the property, and a lender, typically a bank or building society. The lender provides the funds needed to purchase the property, and in return, the borrower agrees to make regular payments, known as mortgage payments, over a specific period, usually between 15 and 30 years.

Closing the Gap between Savings and Home Prices

In today's housing market, the average house price in the UK is around £285,000, while households typically have savings of only £7,000. This significant gap between available funds and home prices makes it difficult for many individuals to purchase a home outright.

A mortgage acts as a bridge between these two factors. It covers a large portion of the property's purchase price, allowing buyers to acquire a home without having the full amount of funds available themselves.

Understanding the Cost of a Mortgage

Let's consider a hypothetical scenario. Imagine you've found a house that costs £200,000. You have savings of £20,000 that you can use as a deposit, and the remaining £180,000 is borrowed from the bank as a mortgage.

However, it's essential to recognise that obtaining a mortgage comes with additional costs. The buyer must repay the full amount of the loan, along with interest, through monthly payments until the mortgage is fully repaid.

For instance, if the mortgage has an interest rate of 5.54% and is agreed upon for a typical 25-year period, the monthly payments will amount to £1,110. Over the lifetime of the mortgage, the total repayment to the bank would be £332,898, which is £152,898 more than the initial borrowing amount.

Affordability Assessment and Financial Responsibility

Similar to other forms of borrowing, when applying for a mortgage, the borrower must undergo an affordability assessment. This assessment is conducted by the mortgage lender to determine the borrower's ability to repay the loan.

The bank considers factors such as the borrower's income, expenses, and credit history to assess whether they can afford the monthly mortgage payments. This evaluation helps ensure that borrowers are not taking on excessive financial burdens.

It's important to note that the mortgage loan is secured against the property itself. This means that if the borrower fails to make the mortgage payments, the lender has the right to repossess the property and sell it to recover the outstanding debt. Therefore, it's crucial for homeowners to maintain regular mortgage payments to avoid the risk of losing their home.

Final Thoughts

While mortgages provide an avenue for homeownership, it's essential to understand the financial responsibilities and long-term costs associated with these loans. Borrowers should carefully consider their financial capabilities, seek professional advice, and choose mortgage terms that align with their budget and long-term goals.

By fully understanding mortgages and their implications, prospective homeowners can make informed decisions and embark on their homeownership journey responsibly.

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Jul 19, 2023

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